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WHAT IS DAIRY FARMING?

   India is an agricultural country and more than 60% of the people in our country depend on agriculture. Today we know that it is very difficult to make a living just by farming because some people have very little land today. Also, if the crop grows well in the soil, it is guaranteed
Not to be outdone, sometimes a good crop is severely damaged by unseasonal rains. So these people are thinking of doing joint business while farming and some people are doing it. These include milk business, goat rearing, poultry rearing, etc.

   In this article we will learn more about milk business.
The milk business is a good and profitable business. We can do this business by farming. In order to do milk business, we keep mainly crossbred cows, native cows, village milch cows and milch buffaloes.
Doing business in a modern way definitely pays off and this business is good and financially affordable.

Today we need 300 ml of milk per day, and the growing population should increase the amount of milk. Today our country gets 45% milk from cows and 55% milk from buffaloes. A liter of cow
Milk contains 600 kcal and one liter of buffalo milk contains 1000 kcal.

Today many products are being made from milk so this business is very profitable. Today 60% of the people in our country are engaged in agriculture and about 72% of the people live in rural areas. Today, milk is traded in two rural households in 70 million farming families.

Today, India ranks first in the world in milk business, followed by the United States, Pakistan, China and other countries.
Today, even if you do not have a small farm or farm, you need to provide fodder, water and sheds so that you can do this business well. Once this business is started well, you can save your weekly expenses.

Today we need 300 ml of milk per day, and the growing population should increase the amount of milk. Today our country gets 45% milk from cows and 55% milk from buffaloes. A liter of cow
Milk contains 600 kcal and one liter of buffalo milk contains 1000 kcal.

Today many products are being made from milk so this business is very profitable. Today 60% of the people in our country are engaged in agriculture and about 72% of the people live in rural areas. Today, milk is traded in two rural households in 70 million farming families.

Today, India ranks first in the world in milk business, followed by the United States, Pakistan, China and other countries.
Today, even if you do not have a small farm or farm, you need to provide fodder, water and sheds so that you can do this business well. Once this business is started well, you can save your weekly expenses.

Selection of cow breed


When you are thinking of starting a dairy business, you have to choose the right cow, because keeping cows alone is not a good idea.

Let us now learn about the types of cows and their benefits.

1. Malvi cows
These cows give 12 liters of milk daily. These cows are found around Gwalior. They do not give much milk, their color is khaki and their neck is slightly black.

2. Nagauri cows
These are found in the area around Jodhpur, these cows do not give much milk. Nagauri cows give 6-8 liters of milk daily. The calf gives milk a few days later.

3. Tharparkar cows
These cows give more milk, their color is khaki or white. Deserts of Kutch, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Sindh are found in this area.

4. Pawar Gows
Pawar cows give less milk, Pawar cows are found in Pilibhit, Puranpur tehsil and Kheri, their mouths are narrow, horns are simple and long. The horn is 12-18 inches long.

5. Bhaganadi cows
These cows give a lot of milk. Bhaganadi Nadi is found on the banks of the river. Sorghum is their favorite food. They are fed by making nadi grass and its bread.

6. Dajjal cows
They are found in Deragjikhan district of Punjab and these cows give less milk.

7. Gavlav cows
These cows give moderate amount of milk. Village cows are found at Satpuda, Wardha, Chhindwara, Nagpur, Seoni. They are fifteen in color and of medium height. They walk with their ears up.

8. Haryana cows
These cows give 8 to 12 liters of milk daily. They are white, pearly or light brown in color. These are tall bodies. Walk with your head up. Rohtak, Hisar, Sirsa, Karnal, Gurgaon and Jind.

9. Karan Fry Cow
Milk production of Tharparkar cow is average. These are important because of their ability to withstand hot and humid climates. These cows are found in Rajasthan.

10. Gir Cow
These cows give 50-80 liters of milk daily. Their native place is Gir forest of Kathiawar.

11. Devani Cow
These cows give a lot of milk, and their habitat is found in southern Andhra Pradesh and Hinsol.

12. Nimadi cows
Narmada river valleys are found here. Once they start giving milk they give milk for 10 months. The amount of milk is 10-16 liters per day. They have enough butter in their milk. The head of this cow is wide, the horns are short and thick and the forehead is of medium size. It is found in the Montgomery district of Punjab and along the Ravi River. Also these cows can be reared anywhere in India.

13. Sindhi cow
Their main location is the Kohistan region of Sindh. They give at least 2000 liters of milk in 300 days after giving birth to the baby. They can survive in other climates and have the ability to fight disease. The color of these cows is brown or wheat, the body is long and the skin is thick.

These are just some of the goal setting shareware that you can use.

The dairy business is a good and very profitable business. This business can go very fast if the right cows are selected, reared, fed and provided with shelter. Below are some important points for this.

1. The basic reason for expanding the dairy business is that you already have a business and if you are thinking of expanding it
You need to know about the cows you are rearing. For example, if you know how much milk they give this year, how much fodder they need, the cost of feeding, etc., then you can expand it by choosing a cow. That is, accounting for income and expenditure is the key to growth in the dairy business.

2. Accurate assessment of financial efficiency If you are planning to start a business or you already have a business and you are planning to expand it, but you do not have the capital, then if you are thinking of taking a financial loan, how do you repay the loan? There needs to be an accurate assessment of what can.

3. Evaluation of workers in the dairy business Today in the villages those who have less cows take care of the cows themselves. But those who are rearing a large number of cows need labor. Even if you are taking care of the cows yourself, it is important to keep an eye on them. This will give you an idea of ​​the total cost of labor for raising cows.

4. Choosing the right cows When you can choose the right cows when you know about each cow. This will let you know how much milk you will get if you follow it, the cost of fertilizer from it, etc.

5. Information about cow reproduction

The scientific way is the first important pillar of animal husbandry. Scientific reproduction will only be possible if there is a detailed description of the reproduction of the animal, such as the date of arrival of the female in the summer, the date of artificial insemination given to her, the date of ejaculation, and so on.

6. Some other main things

    •  Information on cow nutrition
    •  Information related to animal management
    • Buying / selling account of cows
Dairy business benefits


Above we have seen information about milk business and how it can be done. Now we will learn about the benefits of this

    • If you are farming, you can cover the weekly expenses.
    • Agriculture is a good business as a side business.
    • This business is funded by the government.
    • We can sell cow dung for our farm or outside.
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