General information about seeds
Mulberry can be grown any time of the year. Mulberry is grown as a perennial dicotyledonous fodder crop, up to six meters tall and fast growing. Mulberry is generally grown on bunds. It can also be done on vacant land. Mulberry leaves are rich in calcium, protein and phosphorus. Mulberry helps to stop soil erosion. Mulberry contains 19.2 per cent digestible protein and 54.78 per cent total digestible matter. Mulberry can be grown in low water. Mulberry is grown mainly as a plant for goats and for all types of orchard fences. Mulberry is the main food used for silk industry. Once planted these plants live for 8 to 10 years, do not succumb to any disease. 12000 sticks are required for every 1 acre of land. Mulberry has the highest protein as well as other nutrients in the plant so all goat breeders should cultivate mulberry.
Land and preparation for planting
Mulberry fodder crop can be grown in different soils. This fodder crop is grown in a wide variety of soils, from medium to sandy soils to black loamy soils. Extremely suitable for rocky soils, saline soils and heavy soils. Pre-cultivation is very important as this crop stays in the same soil for 8 to 10 years after sowing. For this, deep plowing should be done by throwing a lot of manure. If the amount of lump is high, break it and flatten the whole land with rotor. Planting is to be done by sari method, so 4 feet sari should be prepared by tractor.
Once the mulberry stick is available, the stick should be placed in a large drum with germinator and immersed in water for 24 hours.
Planting period and method of cultivation
Apply a lot of manure or lentil manure in the sari before planting. Processed mulberry sticks have to be planted in the mud, so when the fertilizer is applied, cover the soil a little and leave a lot of water. Care should be taken while planting mulberry sticks to be 50% deep in the soil and 50% above the ground. After planting mulberry, the soil should be compacted on the side of the stem so that the stalk is well adapted to the soil and germination is good. Lightly water immediately after planting. Mulberry can be grown on or near the embankment. Also, if you want to cultivate on vacant land for fodder, you can do it by keeping four feet spacing between two sari and keeping one foot spacing in one cane. Land, water, manure and climate can increase or decrease the germination capacity.
Fertilizer and water planning
Irrigate immediately after planting and then at intervals of 3 to 4 days, then continue watering as per soil requirements. Initially you would have applied manure but since you harvest these trees frequently you will need D.A.P, 10.26.26 after each harvest. Granular chemical fertilizers should be used.
Harvesting / production / use
With proper fertilizer and water planning, plants grow 6 to 8 feet in 2 to 3 months for the first harvest. Then cut all the upper part by keeping 2 feet at the bottom. After that, a large number of branches come to that bud. Large branches should be removed for grazing at intervals of 15 to 20 days. Goats, cows, buffaloes are very fond of animals. The growth of goat chicks was accelerated by the use of mulberry plants.
Seeds per acre
12000 sticks are required per 1 acre of land.